Basurillas

Reutiliza y reinventa

Este blog es un esfuerzo para luchar contra la acumulación de residuos y basuras que genera el ser humano. Por medio del intercambio de las ideas, queremos aprovechar la vida completa de un objeto o de cualquier otro ámbito de nuestras vidas.

Ya os hemos hablado en otras ocasiones de los proyectos de autoconstrucción y reciclaje que lleva a cabo el ingeniero Mario Alberto Tapia en Sonora, México. En esta ocasión, os traemos uno de sus últimos proyectos desarrollado en la Universidad de la Salle del Noroeste.

El proyecto Viridis, que es como lo han llamado, se ha realizado con la colaboración de algunos estudiantes de ésta universidad y pretende presentar la autoconstrucción como una alternativa sustentable para una vivienda digna, creando una cultura en el reciclaje y un modelo informativo para los futuros estudiantes y la sociedad en general.

El proyecto comienza describiendo cómo se realiza la construcción y los materiales que se necesitan.

Las construcciones de botellas PET, requieren de los cimientos tradicionales como castillos, trabes y cadenas, sobre los cuales se edifican los muros a partir de envases de plástico de 600 mililitros, rellenos de arcilla.

Casa hecha con botellas de plástico - Mario Alberto Tapia - México

Los materiales tienen ventajas como su bajo costo; buena capacidad térmica que protege contra el frío o calor excesivos, pues las habitaciones mantienen una temperatura interna constante; mayor resistencia al desgaste por humedad y buena acústica, ya que no permiten el paso del ruido exterior.

Las botellas deben acomodarse de forma horizontal, poniendo una línea sobre otra hasta alcanzar la altura deseadas. Se pegan las botellas con lodo o barro para lograr mayor rigidez y un secado rápido. Al final un acabado con mezcla de cemento.
En la parte superior de los muros se colocan de una a dos líneas de botellas de vidrio vacías para permitir el paso de la luz natural.

Casa hecha con botellas de plástico - Mario Alberto Tapia - México

Luego, se explica cómo realizar el techo verde, destinado a cubrirse de vegetación:

Procedimiento para armar el techo, primero se coloca una capa de láminas galvanizadas, la cual se cubre con impermeabilizante.

Posteriormente, se pone una capa de concreto ligero para garantizar la regulación térmica otra de arcilla del sitio de construcción y, finalmente, plantas que requieran pocos cuidados, como zacate o higuerilla, para obtener un techo verde.

Casa hecha con botellas de plástico - Mario Alberto Tapia - México

Las paredes soportan fácilmente una azotea de esas características, pues la disposición horizontal de botellas garantiza una resistencia a la compresión superior a 2 toneladas.

Casa autoconstruida con botellas de pet - México - Mario Alberto Tapia.

La habitación de 9 metros cuadrados donde se usaron más de 2000 botellas pet y vidrio.

Casa autoconstruida reciclando botellas de pet - México - Mario Alberto Tapia

El proyecto destaca que el coste de los materiales se reduce considerablemente con la ayuda recibida por los estudiantes y el mantenimiento a cargo de la universidad. Es decir, gracias a esfuerzos en común, un método de construcción sencillo, unos materiales más accesibles y el trabajo en equipo se reduce el coste.

Con mano de obra por M2 es de 2500 pesos de los cuales 15 mil son de materiales y 10 mil de mano de obra, para un total 25 mil pesos para un cuarto de 9 M2. Con techo verde y conexiones de electricidad.

Construcción de la casa pet con techo verde.

Se destacan las ventajas de una construcción de este tipo comparado con una construcción realizada de la manera habitual:

Resistencia de materiales:
Las botellas de plástico o pet, rellenas de tierra soportaron el peso de las ruedas de una máquina retroexcavadora con un peso aproximado de 7 toneladas.
Esta misma prueba se hizo con el material de block de cemento tradicional el cual no soporto el peso de las llantas quebrándose en pedazos.

Facilidad en la construcción:
La construcción de la casa pet con techo verde se realizó en un día con la finalización de una capa ligera de mezcla de cemento y para el siguiente día fue colocado los materiales para la creación del techo verde. Esto, nos dice que estas construcciones son rápidas de construir de buena calidad y económicas.
En cambio, para construir una casa tradicional con loza de cemento su construcción es de varios días con mano de obra calificada y sus costos son muy elevados, claro está sin un techo verde habiendo una gran diferencia entre las viviendas.

Construcción de la casa pet con techo verde

Aislamiento:
Se realiza un estudio del aislamiento de la vivienda haciendo mediciones de temperatura que demuestran una diferencia de unos 10 grados con el exterior.

Esta construcción se hizo en el estado de Sonora dentro de la universidad la Salle, donde los climas son muy extremos y las temperaturas superan los 40 grados centígrados en épocas de calor y en invierno bajan hasta 0 grados centígrados.

En una vivienda tradicional construida de ladrillo y con loza de cemento la temperatura se acumula en la loza y en las paredes, incrementando la temperatura, obligando a usar aparatos eléctricos como aires acondicionados que son costosos y gastan mucha energía eléctrica.

Construcción de la casa pet con techo verde

Las ventajas de un techo verde:

Mejorar la calidad del aire capturando partículas suspendidas en el aire como lo es el plomo, intercambian oxígeno y dióxido de carbono, retención de agua de lluvias, impide que los inmuebles se calienten gracias a la absorción de calor y su evaporación, ser un espacio verde para compartir y disfrutar con otros, reducción del exceso de ruido exterior, soporta fuertes vientos y por la ligereza de sus materiales ayuda a posibles efectos sísmicos.

Casa pet con techo verde reciclando botellas - Mario Alberto Tapia

Casa pet con techo verde reciclando botellas - Mario Alberto Tapia

Aquí os podéis bajar el Proyecto Viridis completo en formato pdf.



73 comentarios to “Casa de botellas con techo verde.”

  1. Genial la idea para reducir el plástico en las instituciones educativas. ahora con los desastres por la lluvia muchas personas con ingenio y dedicación pueden reconstruir sus viviendas.

    Berenice Unriza

  2. Wonderful beat ! I wish to apprentice at the same time as you amend
    your web site, how can i subscribe for a weblog site?
    The account aided me a acceptable deal. I had
    been tiny bit familiar of this your broadcast provided brilliant
    transparent concept

    Ulrich

  3. Thanks for finally writing about > Basurillas »
    Blog Archive Casa de botellas con techo verde. – Basurillas
    < Loved it!

    agen judi slot online

  4. I simply could not depart your site prior to suggesting that I actually loved the standard information an individual supply in your visitors?

    Is gonna be again steadily to check out new posts

    Jannie

  5. of course like your website but you have to test the spelling on several
    of your posts. Several of them are rife with spelling problems and I in finding it very bothersome to tell the truth on the other hand I’ll certainly come again again.

    Dominga

  6. I got this web page from my friend who informed me regarding
    this web site and now this time I am visiting this web site and reading very informative articles or reviews at this place.

    Nicholas

  7. For newest information you have to pay a quick visit web and on web I
    found this site as a best web site for newest updates.

    Colin

  8. This information is invaluable. When can I find out more?

    Art

  9. Hi there mates, its wonderful post regarding teachingand completely defined, keep it up all the time.

    Robt

  10. I am really happy to glance at this blog posts which contains plenty of
    useful facts, thanks for providing these data.

    Deanne

  11. Hi there, I enjoy reading through your post. I like to
    write a little comment to support you.

    Ashleigh

  12. Very energetic article, I loved that bit. Will there be a part 2?

    Carmen

  13. When I originally commented I clicked the «Notify me when new comments are added» checkbox and now
    each time a comment is added I get four emails with the same comment.
    Is there any way you can remove people from that service?
    Bless you!

    Traci

  14. Hello Dear, are you genuinely visiting this site regularly, if so then you will definitely take
    pleasant experience.

    Florence

  15. Appreciate the recommendation. Let me try it out.

    Kristian

  16. Terrific work! That is the type of information that are supposed to be shared across the internet.
    Disgrace on the seek engines for now not positioning
    this post upper! Come on over and seek advice from
    my website . Thanks =)

    Forrest

  17. Wow, wonderful blog layout! How long have you
    been blogging for? you made blogging look easy. The overall look of your website is excellent, let
    alone the content!

    Sammie

  18. whoah this blog is great i love reading your articles. Stay up
    the great work! You already know, many people are looking around for this information, you can help them greatly.

    Stephen

  19. Since the admin of this web page is working, no
    doubt very rapidly it will be renowned, due to its quality contents.

    Hattie

  20. Thank you for the good writeup. It if truth be told was once
    a entertainment account it. Glance complicated to more added
    agreeable from you! However, how could we keep in touch?

    Charissa

  21. Right away I am going to do my breakfast, once
    having my breakfast coming again to read other news.

    Nathaniel

  22. Hi, everything is going nicely here and ofcourse every one is sharing data, that’s actually excellent, keep
    up writing.

    bestbitcoincasino

  23. Hey There. I discovered your blog the use of msn. That is a really smartly written article.
    I’ll make sure to bookmark it and come back to
    learn more of your helpful information. Thanks for the post.
    I will definitely comeback.

    UFABET

  24. Your style is so unique in comparison to other folks I’ve read stuff from.
    I appreciate you for posting when you have the opportunity,
    Guess I’ll just bookmark this site.

    UFABET

  25. I think the admin of this web page is genuinely working hard in support of his site, since here
    every information is quality based information.

    Leila

  26. Greetings from Los angeles! I’m bored to death at work
    so I decided to browse your blog on my iphone during lunch break.
    I love the knowledge you provide here and can’t wait to
    take a look when I get home. I’m surprised at how quick your blog loaded on my cell phone
    .. I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyhow, great
    site!

    Vaughn

  27. After I initially commented I seem to have clicked
    the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and from now on each time a comment is added I receive 4 emails with the exact same comment.
    Is there a way you are able to remove me from that service?
    Thank you!

    Gladis

  28. Undeniably believe that which you stated. Your favorite justification appeared to be on the web the easiest thing
    to be aware of. I say to you, I definitely get
    irked while people consider worries that they plainly don’t know about.
    You managed to hit the nail upon the top and defined out
    the whole thing without having side effect , people could take a signal.
    Will probably be back to get more. Thanks

    Taylor

  29. We are a group of volunteers and opening a new scheme in our community.

    Your website offered us with valuable info to work on. You have done an impressive job and our
    entire community will be thankful to you.

    Chanel

  30. Great blog here! Also your website loads up very fast!

    What web host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link to your host?
    I wish my website loaded up as fast as yours lol

    Dalene

  31. Your mode of describing the whole thing in this paragraph is truly fastidious, every one
    be capable of effortlessly be aware of it, Thanks a lot.

    UFABET

  32. Hey just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The text in your content seem to be running off the screen in Safari.
    I’m not sure if this is a format issue or something to do with internet
    browser compatibility but I thought I’d post to
    let you know. The design look great though! Hope you get the problem resolved
    soon. Many thanks

    Cheryle

  33. What’s up everybody, here every person is sharing such know-how, so it’s pleasant to
    read this website, and I used to visit this weblog
    daily.

    Tracey

  34. Wonderful beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend your site, how can i subscribe for a
    blog website? The account aided me a acceptable deal. I had been tiny bit acquainted
    of this your broadcast offered bright clear concept

    betting politics

  35. Hello there, You have done an excellent job. I’ll certainly digg it and
    personally suggest to my friends. I’m confident they’ll be
    benefited from this website.

    Ross

  36. constantly i used to read smaller posts which as well clear their motive,
    and that is also happening with this post which I
    am reading now.

    Marie

  37. My brother recommended I may like this website. He used to be entirely right.
    This submit actually made my day. You cann’t imagine just how a lot time I had spent for this information! Thank you!

    Moises

  38. Hello I am so happy I found your blog page, I really found
    you by accident, while I was looking on Digg for something
    else, Anyhow I am here now and would just like to say kudos for a tremendous post and a all round interesting blog (I also
    love the theme/design), I don’t have time to browse it all at the minute but I have bookmarked it and also added in your RSS feeds, so when I have time I
    will be back to read more, Please do keep up the great work.

    politics betting

  39. Hello, I think your blog might be having browser compatibility issues.

    When I look at your website in Chrome, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping.
    I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other then that, amazing blog!

    odds on next president

  40. I am truly delighted to glance at this blog posts which consists of plenty of useful facts, thanks for providing such statistics.

    politics betting market

  41. We stumbled over here by a different page and thought I might as well check things out.
    I like what I see so now i’m following you. Look forward
    to looking over your web page for a second
    time.

    live casino

  42. Greetings! I know this is somewhat off topic but I was wondering which blog platform are you using for this
    site? I’m getting tired of WordPress because I’ve had problems with hackers and I’m looking at options for another platform.
    I would be great if you could point me in the direction of a good platform.

    Jamie

  43. We’re a group of volunteers and opening a new scheme in our community.
    Your web site offered us with helpful information to work on. You’ve done a formidable process and
    our whole neighborhood can be grateful to you.

    betting politics

  44. This is a very good tip particularly to those new to the blogosphere.
    Short but very accurate information… Thanks for sharing
    this one. A must read article!

    Candra

  45. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as
    though you relied on the video to make your point.
    You definitely know what youre talking about, why waste your intelligence
    on just posting videos to your weblog when you could
    be giving us something informative to read?

    Aubrey

  46. You actually make it appear really easy together with your presentation however I find
    this matter to be actually something that I believe I would never understand.
    It seems too complex and extremely broad for me.
    I am looking ahead to your next post, I’ll try to get the grasp of
    it!

    Marisol

  47. Thanks a bunch for sharing this with all folks you actually recognise what
    you’re speaking about! Bookmarked. Please also consult with my site =).
    We can have a hyperlink change arrangement among us

    Cara

  48. I love it when individuals get together and share thoughts.

    Great site, keep it up!

    live casino

  49. Generally I don’t learn article on blogs, but
    I wish to say that this write-up very pressured me to check out and
    do so! Your writing style has been surprised me. Thanks, very nice
    article.

    politics betting

  50. It’s remarkable designed for me to have a web site, which is valuable for
    my experience. thanks admin

    Ariel

  51. I am regular visitor, how are you everybody? This post posted at
    this web site is really nice.

    Rigoberto

  52. I like the helpful info you provide in your articles.
    I’ll bookmark your weblog and check again here regularly.
    I’m quite certain I’ll learn many new stuff right here!
    Best of luck for the next!

    Dante

  53. Ahaa, its pleasant conversation concerning this
    paragraph at this place at this blog, I have read all that, so now
    me also commenting at this place.

    Carl

  54. I think this is one of the most significant info for me.
    And i’m glad reading your article. But wanna remark on few
    general things, The web site style is ideal,
    the articles is really nice : D. Good job,
    cheers

    Candice

  55. Hello there! Do you use Twitter? I’d like to follow you if that would
    be okay. I’m absolutely enjoying your blog and look forward to new
    updates.

    Ollie

  56. Hi colleagues, its great paragraph concerning teachingand entirely defined, keep
    it up all the time.

    Jayme

  57. I am really enjoying the theme/design of your weblog.
    Do you ever run into any web browser compatibility problems?
    A couple of my blog audience have complained about my website
    not operating correctly in Explorer but looks great in Firefox.
    Do you have any advice to help fix this problem?

    홈타이

  58. hey there and thank you for your info – I have
    definitely picked up anything new from right here. I did however expertise some technical issues using this website, as I
    experienced to reload the website lots of times previous to
    I could get it to load properly. I had been wondering if your hosting is OK?

    Not that I’m complaining, but slow loading instances times will very
    frequently affect your placement in google and can damage your high-quality score if advertising
    and marketing with Adwords. Well I’m adding this RSS
    to my email and could look out for a lot more of your respective fascinating content.

    Ensure that you update this again very soon.

    web hosting why

  59. Wow, amazing blog layout! How long have you been blogging for?

    you made blogging look easy. The overall look
    of your web site is great, as well as the content!

    UFABET

  60. Wow! In the end I got a blog from where I can actually take useful facts regarding my study and knowledge.

    t.co

  61. Hello everyone, it’s my first pay a quick visit at this website, and post is really fruitful in favor of me, keep up posting these articles or
    reviews.

    UFABET

  62. An impressive share! I have just forwarded this onto a co-worker who had
    been conducting a little research on this.

    And he in fact ordered me dinner simply because I discovered it for him…
    lol. So let me reword this…. Thank YOU for the
    meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending time to discuss this matter here
    on your website.

    their scoliosis surgery

  63. Just wish to say your article is as surprising. The clearness in your post is
    just great and i can assume you’re an expert on this subject.
    Well with your permission allow me to grab your feed to keep updated with
    forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please continue the gratifying work.

    http://bit.ly/

  64. You really make it appear really easy with your presentation but I in finding this topic to be actually something that I feel I’d never understand.
    It seems too complicated and very extensive for me. I’m looking
    ahead in your next put up, I will try to get the hang of it!

    UFABET

  65. Hi! Do you know if they make any plugins to protect against hackers?
    I’m kinda paranoid about losing everything
    I’ve worked hard on. Any suggestions?

    http://j.mp/38vuS56

  66. I every time used to study paragraph in news papers but now as I am a
    user of web so from now I am using net for posts, thanks to web.

    bit.ly

  67. Link exchange is nothing else but it is simply placing the other person’s
    blog link on your page at suitable place and other person will also do
    similar for you.

    bitly.com

  68. Great website you have here but I was curious if you knew
    of any message boards that cover the same
    topics talked about here? I’d really like to be a
    part of online community where I can get opinions from other knowledgeable people that share the same interest.
    If you have any suggestions, please let me know. Thanks a lot!

    your scoliosis surgery

  69. Walker

    Basurillas » Blog Archive Casa de botellas con techo verde. – Basurillas

    Walker

  70. Hi colleagues, its impressive paragraph about cultureand entirely
    defined, keep it up all the time.

    Cam sành

  71. Do you have a spam issue on this blog; I also am a blogger, and I was wanting to know your situation; we have developed some nice practices and we are looking to swap solutions with
    other folks, why not shoot me an e-mail if interested.

    joker 123

  72. I don’t even know how I ended up here, but I thought this
    post was great. I do not know who you are but certainly you’re going to a famous blogger if you aren’t already 😉 Cheers!

    judi slot indonesia

  73. It’s really a great and helpful piece of information.
    I am glad that you shared this helpful information with us.
    Please keep us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.

    slot pragmatic play

Dejar un comentario

Follow

Entérate de las novedades de este blog a través de tu correo (Get every new post on this blog delivered to your Inbox).

Conviértete en uno de nuestros seguidores (Join other followers):

A %d blogueros les gusta esto: